Welcome to the TIPHC

Documenting the complete history of African American Texans

houston poster

"Know your history, know yourself"

African descendants have had a presence in Texas for almost 500 years, maybe longer. The territory was the northernmost area of New Spain (Mexico) in 1528 when Esteban (Estevanico), a Moroccan Moor servant, waded ashore with a group of Spanish conquistadors near what is now Galveston Island and established himself as the first known African in what would become Texas. Since, African Americans have contributed significantly in all facets of the building of the Lone Star State -- its infrastructure, image, and culture. For that, the Texas Institute for the Preservation of History and Culture is charting every aspect of the black experience in Texas as an online encyclopedia.

Texas Black History Calendar

Featured Calendar Post

James Lee Dickey

James Lee Dickey

Nov. 12 - On this date in 1893, physician James Lee Dickey was born near Waco. A graduate of Tillotson College (now Huston-Tillotson University) in 1916, he entered Meharry Medical College in Nashville and graduated in 1921. Dickey returned to Texas to help is widowed mother raise his eight siblings and settled in Taylor, northeast of Austin. Dickey was the only black doctor in Williamson County and one of only 130 black doctors in Texas. He established a medical facility that began with a three-bedroom clinic and expanded to a fifteen-bed hospital with modern surgical and obstetrical facilities. The clinic was open to all needy patients -- regardless of race -- from Williamson, LeeTravisMilamBell and Bastrop counties. Early in his career he also curbed a typhoid fever epidemic in 1932 through a vigorous vaccination program. He became a trustee of Tillotson college and in 1953 was named Taylor's most outstanding citizen by the chamber of commerce, the first time a black man had been so honored in the community.

Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña

Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña, first black and indigenous president in Mexico and the Americas. In 1829, Guerrero abolished slavery in Mexico.

Special Report: Afro-Mexicans -- The History, The Culture, The Presence

In this three-part special report, the TIPHC recognizes Cinco de Mayo by looking at the history and range of issues for Mexico's "hidden" population, Afro-Mexicans -- Afro-Mestizos -- now numbering almost 1.5 million. The stories examine the overlapping cultures (food, music, religion, art, etc.) that evolved from the centuries-old presence of Africans in Mexico, beginning in the 16th century (maybe earlier), including their pursuit of official recognition by the Mexican government in the country's census, which finally came in 2015.

TIPHC Bookshelf

Books of interest focusing on black history in Texas. Each week, we feature a different title but also maintain a list of suggested readings.

The Negro and His Folklore in Nineteenth-Century Periodicals book coverThe Negro and His Folklore in Nineteenth-Century Periodicals

Edited by Bruce Jackson

The Negro, in the eyes of many white Americans, North and South, the Negro did not have a culture until the Emancipation Proclamation. With few exceptions, serious collecting of Negro folklore by whites did not begin until the Civil War—and it was to be another four decades before black Americans would begin to appreciate their own cultural heritage. Few of the earlier writers realized that they had observed and recorded not simply a manifestation of a particular way of life but also a product peculiarly American and specifically Negro, a synthesis of African and American styles and traditions.

Ron Goodwin blog

goodwinMusings on contemporary black history-related topics from the noted PVAMU history professor. His latest entry is, “Black History of WWI”.

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