File Box 5 – U.S. History



Card 1

Beale, Howard K. “What Historians Have Said About the Causes of the Civil War.” Social Science Research Bulletin 54 (1946): 55-102.

Benson, Lee, and Thomas J. Pressley. “Can Differences in Interpretations of the Causes of the American Civil War Be Resolved Objectively?” (paper presented before the AHA, 1956) (typescript).

Campbell, A.E. “An Excess of Isolation: Isolation and the American Civil War.” Journal of Southern History 29 (May 1963): 161-74.

“Climatic Influences as Bearing Upon Secession and Reconstruction.” The North American Review 102 (Jan. 1866): 24-27.

Donald, David. “American Historians and the Causes of the Civil War.” South Atlantic Quarterly 59 (Summer 1960): 351-5.

Dray, William. “Some Causal Accounts of the American Civil War.” Daedalus (Summer 1962): 578-98.

Election results by state, congressional districts, and counties, 1860-61. The Tribune Almanac and Politic Register (NY: The Tribune Association, 1862).

Election results by state, congressional districts, and counties, 1860-62. The Tribune Almanac and Politic Register (NY: The Tribune Association, 1863).

Election results by state, congressional districts, and counties, 1860-63. The Tribune Almanac and Politic Register (NY: The Tribune Association, 1864). (See also Card 31).

Herberg, Will. “The Civil War in New Perspective.” Modern Quarterly 6 (Summer 1932): 54-61.

“Historiography of the Causes of the Civil War” (typescript, n.d.).

Randall, J.G. “The Blundering Generation.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 27 (June 1940): 3-28.

Randall, J.G. “The Civil War Restudied.” Journal of Southern History 6 (Nov. 1940): 439-57.

Schlesinger, Arthur. “The Causes of the Civil War: a Note on Historical Sentimentalism.” Partisan Review 16 (Oct. 1949): 969-81.

Shore, Laurence. “America’s War of National Unification: New Perspectives?” Canadian Review of American Studies 17 (Summer 1986): 219-34.

Summary of Presidential election results, 1789-1924 (one piece).

Card 2

Moretta, John. “William Pitt Ballinger and the Travail of Texas Secession.” Houston Review 11 (1989): 3-26.

Card 3

Buchanan, James. “Mr. Buchanan’s Defence. Reply of Ex-President Buchanan to General Scott.” New York Herald, 2 November 1862, p8 (coupled with Scott, NYEP, below).

Hunt, Gaillard, ed. “Narrative and Letter of William Henry Trescot, concerning the Negotiations between South Carolina and President Buchanan in December, 1860.” American Historical Review 13 (April 1908): 528-56.

“James Buchanan, 1857-1861” (pp. 85-96 from unknown source).

Miscellaneous quotes on and by James Buchanan and his cabinet members (100+ pieces).

Scott, Winfield. “Letter from General Scott. The Treason of Buchanan and His Cabinet.” New York Evening Post 22 October 1862 (n.p.) (coupled with Buchanan, NYH, above).

Card 4

Wolfe, Samuel M. Helper’s Impending Crisis Dissected (Philadelphia: J.T. Lloyd, 1960) (photocopy).

Card 5

Hoogenboom, Ari. “Gustavus Fox and the Relief of Fort Sumter.” Civil War History 9 (Dec. 1963): 383-98.

Ramsdell, Charles W. “Lincoln and Fort Sumter.” Journal of Southern History 3 (August 1937): 259-88.

Welling, James C. “The Proposed Evacuation of Fort Sumter.” New York Nation 29 (4 Dec. 1879): 383; rpt. in Tyler’s Quarterly Magazine 14 (Oct. 1932): 78-80.

Card 6

Beringer, Richard E. “A Profile of the Members of the Confederate Congress.” Journal of Southern History 33 (Nov. 1967): 518-41.

Beringer, Richard E. “The Unconscious ‘Spirit of Party’ in the Confederate Congress.” Civil War History 18 (Dec. 1972): 312-33.

Blumenthal, Henry. “Confederate Diplomacy: Popular Notions and International Realities.” Journal of Southern History 32 (May 1966): 151-71.

Brumgardt, John R. “The Confederate Career of Alexander H. Stephens: the Case Reopened.” Civil War History 27 (March 1981): 64-81.

“The Confederate Criticism” (typescript, n.d.).

Dawson, Jan C. “The Puritan and the Cavalier: the South’s Perception of Contrasting Traditions.” Journal of Southern History 44 (Nov. 1978): 597-614.

Dyson, B. Patricia. “Contract Stability in Wartime: the Example of the Confederacy.” American Journal of Legal History19 (July 1975): 216-31.

Hamilton, J.G. de Roulhac. “The State Courts and the Confederate Constitution.” Journal of Southern History 4 (Nov. 1938): 425-48.

Johnson, Ludwell H. “Commerce Between Northeastern Ports and the Confederacy, 1861-1865.” Journal of American History 54 (June 1967): 30-42.

Kruman, Marc W. “Dissent in the Confederacy: the North Carolina Experience.” Civil War History 27 (Dec. 1981): 293-313.

Layton, Edwin. “Colin J. McRae and the Selma Arsenal.” The Alabama Review (April 1966): 125-36.

Leslie, William R. “The Confederate Constitution.” Michigan Quarterly Review 2 (1963): 153-65.

McMurry, Richard M. “‘The Enemy at Richmond’: Joseph E. Johnston and the Confederate Government.” Civil War History 27 (March 1981): 5-31.

Miscellaneous notes and excerpts on the Confederate States (twelve pieces).

Miscellaneous opinions by Confederate justices (one piece).

Moore, James Tice. “Redeemers Reconsidered: Change and Continuity in the Democratic South, 1870-1900.” Journal of Southern History 44 (Aug. 1978): 357-98.

Nieman, Donald. “Republicanism, the Confederate Constitution, and the American Constitutional Tradition” (paper presented before the conference “The South and the American Constitutional Tradition,” University of Florida College of Law, March 6-7, 1987) (typescript). Rpt. in Kermit L. Hall and James W. Ely, ed., An Uncertain Tradition: Constitutionalism and the History of the South (Athens: U Georgia, 1989).

Parks, Joseph H. “State Rights in a Crisis: Governor Joseph E. Brown versus President Jefferson Davis.” Journal of Southern History 32 (Feb. 1966): 3-24.

Ringold, May Spencer. “The Role of the State Legislatures in the Confederacy.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 48 (Sept. 1964): 255-70.

Robinson, William M. “Legal System of the Confederate States.” Journal of Southern History 2 (Nov. 1936): 453-67.

Robinson, William M. “A New Deal in Constitutions.” Journal of Southern History 4 (Nov. 1938): 449-61.

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Southern Road to Appomattox (Cotton Memorial Papers, No. 4). El Paso: University of Texas at El Paso, 1969. (pamphlet)

Vandiver, Frank E. “The Confederacy and the American Tradition.” Journal of Southern History 28 (Aug. 1962): 277-86.

Vandiver, Frank E. “Jefferson Davis: Leader Without Legend.” Journal of Southern History 43 (Feb. 1977): 3-18.

Vandiver, Frank E. “Some Problems Involved in Writing Confederate History.” Journal of Southern History 36 (Aug. 1970): 400-10.

“A Veto by Jefferson Davis.” The North American Review 142 (March 1886): 244-5.

Wallenstein, Peter. “Rich Man’s War, Rich Man’s Fight: Civil War and the Transformation of Public Finance in Georgia.” Civil War History 50 (Feb. 1984): 15-42.

Card 7

Norvell, James R. “The Supreme Court of Texas Under the Confederacy: 1861-1865.” Houston Law Review 4 (Spring-Summer 1966): 46-61.

Smallwood, James. “Disaffection in Confederate Texas: the Great Hanging at Gainesville.” Civil War History 22 (Dec. 1976): 349-60.

Card 8

Dillard, Philip D. “The Confederate Debate Over Arming Slaves: Views from Macon and Augusta Newspapers.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 79 (Spring 1995): 117-46.

Card 9

Edwards, Laura F. “‘The Marriage Covenant is at the Foundation of all Our Rights’: The Politics of Slave Marriages in North Carolina after Emancipation.” Law and History Review 14 (Spring 1996): 81-124.

Waldrep, Christopher. “Substituting Law for the Lash: Emancipation and Legal Formalism in a Mississippi County Court.” Journal of American History 82 (March 1996): 1425-51.

Card 10

“Battles and Leaders: Confederate Advantages: General–1861” (typescript, n.d.).

“Battles and Leaders 1861–East” (typescript, n.d.).

“The Confederacy’s Advantages” (typescript, n.d.).

Dix, John A. “General Dix’s Proclamation” (c.1861/2).

Everett, Edward. Excerpt from address before the Boston Club, 9 April 1862. Rpt. in Our National Constitution: Its Adaptation to a State of War or Insurrection (Philadelphia: C. Sherman, Son & Co., Printers, 1863).

“George B. McClellan and the Army of the Potomac” (chapter from The Civil War).

Gordon v United States (2 Wallace 561).

Hess, Earl. Civilian Perspective on Civil War (paper presented before the SHA, 1985) (typescript).

Jones, A. “The Role of the American Civil War in the Evolution of Warfare” (paper presented before the SHA, 1968) (typescript).

Keegan, John. The Military Geography of the American Civil War (36th Annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture). Gettysburg College, 1997 (pamphlet).

Miscellaneous excerpts on Civil War (twenty-six pieces).

“Union and CSA Governments” (typescript, n.d.).

Card 11

Miscellaneous excerpts from and notes on contemporary Civil War documents (100+ pieces).

Card 12

Lucie, Patricia. “Individual Rights and Constitutional Powers: the Impact of the Civil War” (unpublished manuscript, 1989).

Card 13

“North America for 1866” (map).

Card 14

Hyman, Harold M. “Quiet Past and Stormy Present? War Powers in American History. Chapter III: To 1917” (typescript, n.d.) (see also File Box 14).

Card 15

Civil War dogtags (photocopies).

Dawson, Joseph G. “Agent of the Fallen Angel: General Philip H. Sheridan, Radicalism, and Reconstruction” (paper presented before the OAH, 1983) (typescript).

Ferencz, Benjamin B. “War Crimes Law and the Vietnam War.” American University Law Review 17 (June 1968): 403-23.

Glennon, Michael J. “The Gulf War and the Constitution.” Foreign Affairs 70 (Spring 1991): 84-101.

Greene, Fred. “The Military View of American National Policy, 1904-1940.” American Historical Review 66 (Jan. 1961): 354-77.

Herring, George C. “Cold Blood”: LBJ’s Conduct of Limited War in Vietnam (The Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, Number Thirty-Three). Colorado: United States Air Force Academy, 1990 (pamphlet).

Kohn, Richard H. “Out of Control: the Crisis in Civil-Military Relations.” The National Interest 35 (Spring 1994): 3-17.

Miscellaneous excerpts from contemporary Civil War documents (twenty pieces).

“The Presidency as an Ideal Type” (chapter 18 of ?).

Vandiver, Frank E. “The First Public War.” (pamphlet, 1962?).

“The War Power in the Nuclear Age” (chapter 17 of ?).

Weigley, Russell F. The End of Militarism (The Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, Number Fifteen). Colorado: United States Air Force Academy, 1973 (pamphlet).

Card 16

Cain, William E. “Angel of Light: Interpreting John Brown (review of Finkelman’s His Soul Goes Marching On). Reviews in American History 23 (1995): 606-11.

Curry, Leonard P. “Congressional Democrats, 1861-1863.” Civil War History 12 (Sept. 1966): 213-29.

Miscellaneous notes and excerpts on Civil War (forty-five pieces).

Neely, Mark E. Confederate Bastille: Jefferson Davis and Civil Liberties (Frank L. Klement Lectures, No. 1, Alternate Views of the Sectional Conflict). Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1993) (pamphlet).

Card 17

“The Civil War, 1863-1865.” Excerpt from Peter Maslowski and Allan Reed Millett, For the Common Defense : A Military History of the United States of America (Free Press, 1994).

Card 18

Mahan, Harold E. “The Arsenal of History: The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion.” Civil War History 29.1 (1983): 5-27.

Card 19

Annual Report of the Signal Officer of the Army to the Secretary of War. Washington, DC: 1862 (pamphlet).

Johnson, Ludwell H. “Contraband Trade during the Last Year of the Civil War.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (March 1963): 635-52.

Law Offices of Chipman, Hosmer & Co. Claims of Loyal Citizens for Property Taken and Used by the U.S. Army During the Rebellion. Washington, DC: Cunningham & McIntosh, Printers, 1870 (pamphlet).

Lawrence, William. “The Laws of War. The Constitution and the War Power. The Liability of the Government to Pay War Claims.” American Law Register, new series 13 (May 1874): 265-84; (June 1874): 337-45.

Rules and Regulations, established for the governance of the “Special Claims Commission,” appointed by Special Orders, No. 391, of August 9th, 1866, from the War Department.

U.S. House of Representatives, 39th Congress, 1st Session. Message of the President of the United States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 12th instant, information in relation to the States of the Union lately in rebellion, accompanied by a report of Carl Schurz on the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana; also a report of Lieutenant General Grant, on the same subject. Washington, DC: 19 December 1865.

Card 20

Chase, Samuel P. “Bill of Laws Affecting Commercial Intercourse, the Purchase of Cotton, etc.” (holograph note, c. May 1865).

Card 21

Appleton, John, et al. “Commutation of the Draft.” American Law Register, new series 2 (August 1863): 622-28.

Bernstein, J.L. “Conscription and the Constitution: the Amazing Case of Kneedler v. Lane.” American Bar Association Journal 53 (August 1967): 708-12. (note: Kneedler v. Lane upheld the Civil War draft).

Delehant, John W. “A Judicial Revisitation Finds Kneedler v. Lane Not So ‘Amazing’.” American Bar Association Journal 53 (Dec. 1967): 1132-35.

Earnhart, Hugh G. “Commutation: Democratic or Undemocratic?” Civil War History 12 (June 1966): 132-42.

Haverstik, L.M. “The Conscription Act of March 3d.” Continental Monthly 5 (Jan. 1864): 110-15.

Imholte, John Quinn. “The Legality of Civil War Recruiting: U.S. versus Gorman.” Civil War History 9 (Dec. 1963): 422-29.

Murdock, Eugene C. “Horatio Seymour and the 1863 Draft.” Civil War History 11 (June 1965): 117-41.

Murdock, Eugene C. “New York’s Civil War Bounty Brokers.” Journal of American History 53 (Sept. 1966): 259-78.

Murdock, Eugene C. “Was It a ‘Poor Man’s Fight’?” Civil War History 10 (Sept. 1964): 241-45.

Note on Civil War conscription (one piece).

Pomeroy, John Norton. “Conscription.” In his An Introduction to the Constitutional Law of the United States (NY: Hurd and Houghton,1868).

Shannon, Fred A. “The Mercenary Factor in the Creation of the Union Army.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 12 (March 1926): 523-49.

Thornbrough, Emma Lou. “Judge Perkins, the Indiana Supreme Court, and the Civil War.” Indiana Magazine of History 60 (March 1964): 79-96.

Card 22

Commercial Intercourse with and in States Declared in Insurrection, and the Collection of Abandoned and Captured Property. Embracing the Treasury Department Circulars and Regulations; the Executive Proclamations and License; and the War and Navy Department Orders Relating to Those Subjects. Washington, DC: GPO, 1863.

Report of the Secretary of War Ad Interim and General U.S. Army (1867).

Card 23

Blodget, Loren. “Practical Defects of the Existing Forms of Political Action.” Essays on Political Organization (Philadelphia: Collins, 1868): 91-106.

Bristed, Charles Astor. “The Probable Influence of the New Military Element on Our Social and National Character.” United States Service Magazine 1 (June 1864): 594-602.

“Chase vs. Miller (Supreme Court of Pennsylvania).” American Law Register, new series 2 (Jan. 1863): 146-66.

Congressional Globe 4 Feb. 1863, pp.708-11 (voting in the field).

De Santis, Vincent. “American Politics in the Gilded Age.” Review of Politics 25 (Oct. 1963): 551-61.

“I.F.R.” “Right of Suffrage of Volunteers in Service of the United States.” American Law Register, new series 2 (Oct. 1863): 740-7.

Mayo, A.D. “The Progress of Liberty in the United States.” The Continental Monthly 6 (Nov. 1864): 481-96.

McSeveney, Samuel T. “Re-Electing Lincoln: the Union Party Campaign and the Military Vote in Connecticut.” Civil War History 32.2 (1986): 139-58.

“Morrison vs. Springer (Supreme Court of Iowa).” American Law Register, new series 3 (March 1864): 276-89.

“O.E.M.” “Soldier and Suffrage.” United States Service Magazine 4 (Dec. 1865): 540-4.

“Opinion of the Judges of the Supreme Court, in the matter of the constitutionality of the Act of the General Assembly, approved Dec. 24th,. 1862, entitled ‘An Act in addition to an Act entitled an Act relating to Electors and Elections,’ providing a mode of taking the votes in the election of state and other officers, of persons absent from the state in the military service of the United States.” Connecticut Supreme Court Reports 30 (1862): 591-604.

“Opinion of the Judges of the Supreme Court on the Constitutionality of ‘An Act Providing for Soldiers Voting’.” 37 Veazey (Vermont) [new series 2] 1864: 665-79.

Card 24

Bernhard, Virginia. “Beyond the Chesapeake: the Contrasting Status of Blacks in Bermuda, 1616-1663.” Journal of Southern History 54 (Nov. 1988): 545-64.

Bernstein, Stanley. “Slavery and the Constitution: the First Debate” (paper presented before the University of Chicago Law School Conference on Slavery, January 1974) (typescript).

Binder, Guyora. “The Slavery of Emancipation.” Cardozo Law Review 17 (1996): 2063-2101.

Campbell, Randolph B. “Slavery and Society in Nineteenth Century Texas” (paper presented before the OAH, April 1986) (typescript).

Dunn, Richard S. “History from Below: Reconstructing the Careers of Two Thousand Slaves from Jamaica and Virginia, 1760-1860” (paper presented before the AHA, 1984) (typescript).

Finkelman, Paul. “Affirmative Action for the Master Class: the Creation of the Proslavery Constitution.” Akron Law Review 32.3 (1999): 423-70.

Finkelman, Paul. “Slaves as Fellow Servants: Ideology, Law, and Industrialization.” American Journal of Legal History 31 (Oct. 1987): 270-305.

Finkelman, Paul. “States’ Rights, North and South, in Antebellum America” (typescript, 1987).

Freehling, William W. “The Founding Fathers and Slavery.” American Historical Review 77 (Feb. 1972): 81-93.

Frey, Sylvia R. “‘Bitter Fruit from the Sweet Stem of Liberty’: Georgia Slavery and the American Revolution” (paper presented before the AHA, 1985) (typescript).

Higginbotham, A. Leon. “The Ten Precepts of American Slavery Jurisprudence: Chief Justice Roger Taney’s Defense and Justice Thurgood Marshall’s Condemnation of the Precept of Black Inferiority.” Cardozo Law Review 17 (1996): 1695-1710.

Howe, Irving. “Review of Robinson’s Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765-1820.” Harper’s 243 (Sept. 1971): 96-98.

Juss, Satvinder S. “Somersett’s Case, the Constitution and Common Law Rights: a Re-Appraisal.” International Journal of Discrimination and the Law 1 (1996): 335-352.

Maltz, Earl M. “The Unlikely Hero of Dred Scott: Benjamin Robbins Curtis and the Constitutional Law of Slavery.” Cardozo Law Review 17 (1996): 1995-2016.

Miscellaneous notes on slavery (five pieces).

Morgan, Edmund S. “Slavery and Freedom: the American Paradox.” Journal of American History 59 (June 1972): 5-29.

Olwell, Robert A. “‘Domestick Enemies’: Slavery and Political Independence in South Carolina, May 1775-March 1776.” Journal of Southern History 55 (Feb. 1989): 21-48.

Palmer, Paul C. “Servant Into Slave: the Evolution of the Legal Status of the Negro Laborer in Colonial Virginia.” South Atlantic Quarterly 65 (Summer 1966): 355-70.

Parish, Peter. “The Edges of Slavery in the Old South: Or, Do Exceptions Prove Rules?” Slavery and Abolition 4 (1983): 106-25.

Schafer, Judith K. “‘Guaranteed Against the Vices and Maladies Prescribed by Law’: Consumer Protection, the Law of Slave Sales, and the Supreme Court in Antebellum Louisiana.” American Journal of Legal History 31 (Oct. 1987): 306-21.

“Slavery at the Philadelphia Convention” (typescript, 1986).

Wiecek, William M. “The Statutory Law of Slavery and Race in the Thirteen Mainland Colonies of British America.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series34 (April 1977): 258-80.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. “The Mask of Obedience: Male Slave Psychology in the Old South.” American Historical Review 95 (Dec. 1988): 1228-52.

Card 25

Himmelfarb, Dan. “The Constitutional Relevance of the Second Sentence of the Declaration of Independence.” Yale Law Journal 100 (1990): 169-87.

Johannsen, Robert W. “Lincoln, Liberty, and Equality.” In ? (same as McWilliams, below).

Katz, Stanley N. “The Strange Birth and Unlikely History of Constitutional Equality.” Journal of American History 75 (Dec. 1988): 747-62.

McWilliams, Wilson Carey. “Liberty, Equality and the Problem of Community.” In ? (same as Johannsen, above).

Meyers, Marvin. “Liberty, Equality, and Constitutional Self-Government.” In ? (same as Johannsen, above).

Card 26

Ohline, Howard A. “Republicanism and Slavery: Origins of the Three-Fifths Clause in the United States Constitution.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series 28 (1971): 563-84.

Sigler, Jay A. “The Rise and Fall of the Three-Fifths Clause.” Mid-America 48 (Oct. 1966): 271-7.

Card 27

Banning, Lance. “From Confederation to Constitution: the Revolutionary Context of the Great Convention.” This Constitution (n.d.): 12-18.

Broadhead, Susan. “Adaptations of Eighteenth Century African Judicial Systems to the Atlantic Slave Trade” (paper presented before the ASLH, 1981) (typescript).

Davis, Robert Ralph. “Buchanian Espionage: a Report on Illegal Slave Trading in the South in 1859.” Journal of Southern History 37 (May 1971): 271-78.

Davis, Robert Ralph. “James Buchanan and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1858-1861.” Pennsylvania History 33 (Oct. 1966): 446-59.

Eisgruber, Christopher L.M. “Justice Story, Slavery, and the Natural law Foundations of American Constitutionalism.” University of Chicago Law Review 55 (Winter 1988): 273-327.

Fede, Andrew. “Toward a Solution of the Slave Law Dilemma: a Critique of Tushnet’s ‘The American Law of Slavery’.” Law and History Review 2 (Feb. 1984): 301-20. (See also Tushnet, below)

Finkelman, Paul. “Law.” In Randall M. Mill & John David Smith, ed., Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery (Greenwood, 1988).

Finkelman, Paul. “Law of Slavery and Freedom in California, 1848-1860.” California Western Law Review 17 (1981): 437-64.

Finkelman, Paul. “The Pennsylvania Delegation and the Peculiar Institution: the Two Faces of the Keystone State.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 112 (Jan. 1988): 49-71.

Finkelman, Paul. “The Protection of Black Rights in Seward’s New York.” Civil War History 34.3 (1988): 211-34.

Finkelman, Paul. “Slavery, the ‘More Perfect Union,’ and the Prairie State.” Illinois Historical Journal 80 (Winter 1987): 248-69.

Finkelman, Paul. “U.S. Constitution, Slavery and the.” In Randall M. Mill & John David Smith, ed., Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery (Greenwood, 1988).

Genovese, Eugene D. Response of Africans to Enslavement (Indiana University, African Studies Association, October 1966) (typescript).

Genovese, Eugene D. “Slave Revolts in the New World: a Comparative Analysis” (paper presented before the SHA, 1968) (typescript).

Hast, Adele. “The Legal Status of the Negro in Virginia, 1705-1765.” Journal of Negro History 54 (July 1969): 217-39.

“Heritage of the Revolution” (chapter one from ?).

Kolchin, Peter. “Reevaluating the Antebellum Slave Community: a Comparative Analysis.” Journal of American History 70 (Dec. 1983): 579-601.

Miscellaneous excerpts from book on slavery (one piece).

Nash, A.E. Keir. “Reason of Slavery: Understanding the Judicial Role in the Peculiar Institution.” Vanderbilt Law Review 32 (Jan. 1979) (whole issue).

Nevins, Allan. “The Constitution, Slavery, and the Territories.” Gaspar G. Bacon Lectures on the Constitution of the United States, 1940-1950 (Boston UP, 1953): 97-141.

Schafer, Judith K. “The Long Arm of the Law: Slave Criminals and the Supreme Court in Antebellum Louisiana, 1803-1862” (paper presented before the SHA, 1984) (typescript).

Schweninger, Loren. “Prosperous Blacks in the South, 1790-1880.” American Historical Review 95 (Feb. 1990): 31-56.

Tushnet, Mark. “The American Law of Slavery, 1810-1860: a Study in the Persistence of Legal Autonomy.” Law and Society Review 10 (Feb. 1975): 119-84. (See also Fede, above)

Wiecek, William M. “The Origins of the Law of Slavery in British North America.” Cardozo Law Review 17 (May 1996): 1711-92.

Wiecek, William M. “Somerset: Lord Mansfield and the Legitimacy of Slavery in the Anglo-American World.” University of Chicago Law Review 42 (Feb. 1974): 86-146.

Card 28

Berns, Walter. “The Constitution and the Migration of Slaves.” Yale Law Journal 78 (Dec. 1968): 198-228.

Boskin, Joseph. “The Origins of American Slavery: Education as an Index of Early Differentiation.” Journal of Negro Education 35 (Spring 1966): 125-33.

Cushing, John D. “The Cushing Court and the Abolition of Slavery in Massachusetts: More Notes on the ‘Quock Walker Case’.” American Journal of Legal History 5 (April 1961): 118-44.

Darling, Arthur Burr. “Prior to Little Rock in American Education: the Roberts Case of 1849-1950.” Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings 63 (Oct. 1957-Dec. 1960): 126-43.

Franklin, William E. “The Archy Case: the California Supreme Court Refuses to Free a Slave.” Pacific Historical Review 32 (May 1963): 137-54.

Frederickson, George M., and Lasch, Christopher. “Resistance to Slavery.” Civil War History 13 (Dec. 1967): 315-29.

Gara, Larry. “Slavery and Slave Power: a Crucial Distinction.” Civil War History 15 (March 1969): 5-18.

Gavronsky, Serge. “American Slavery and the French Liberals: an Interpretation of the Role of Slavery in French Politics During the Second Empire.” Journal of Negro History 51 (Jan. 1966): 36-52.

Genovese, Eugene D. “The Legacy of Slavery and the Roots of Black Nationalism.” Studies on the Left 6 (1966): 3-65 (includes commentaries by Aptheker, Woodward, Kofsky, and Genovese’s rejoinder).

Genovese, Eugene D. “The Low Productivity of Southern Slave Labor: Causes and Effects.” Civil War History 9 (Dec. 1963): 365-82.

Genovese, Eugene D. “Rebelliousness and Docility in the Negro Slave: a Critique of the Elkins Thesis.” Civil War History 13 (Dec. 1967): 293-314.

“George S. Gaines v. Ann.” (17 Tex. 212) (Tyler Term, 1856).

Gillespie, Neal C. “The Spiritual Odyssey of George Frederick Holmes: a Study of Religious Conservatism in the Old South.” Journal of Southern History 32 (Aug. 1966): 291-307.

Hancock, Harold B. “Not Quite Men: the Free Negroes in Delaware in the 1830s.” Civil War History 17 (Dec. 1971): 20-31.

Hart, Charles Desmond. “Slavery Expansion to the Territories, 1850: a Forgotten Speech by Truman Smith.” New Mexico Historical Review 41 (Oct. 1966): 269-86.

Kraditor, Aileen S. “A Note on Elkins and the Abolitionists.” Civil War History 13 (Dec. 1967): 330-39.

Kutler, Stanley I. “Pennsylvania Courts, the Abolition Act, and Negro Rights.” Pennsylvania History 30 (Jan. 1963): 14-27.

Larsen, Charles E. “Nationalism and States’ Rights in Commentaries on the Constitution After the Civil War.” American Journal of Legal History 3 (1959): 360-69.

Levy, Leonard W. “Sims’ Case: the Fugitive Slave Law in Boston in 1851.” Journal of Negro History 35 (Jan. 1959): 39-74.

Moore, John Hebron. “Simon Gray, Riverman: a Slave Who Was Almost Free.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (Dec. 1962): 472-84.

O’Brien, William. “Did the Jennison Case Outlaw Slavery in Massachusetts?” William and Mary Quarterly, third series 17 (April 1960): 219-41.

Schnell, Kempes. “Anti-Slavery Influence on the Status of Slaves in a Free State.” Journal of Negro History 50 (Oct. 1965): 257-73.

Sheridan, Richard B. “Africa and the Caribbean in the Atlantic Slave Trade.” American Historical Review 77 (Feb. 1972): 15-35.

Spector, Robert M. “The Quock Walker Cases (1781-83): Slavery, Its Abolition, and Negro Citizenship in Early Massachusetts.” Journal of Negro History 53 (Jan. 1968): 12-32.

Stampp, Kenneth M. “Rebels and Sambos: the Search for the Negro’s Personality in Slavery.” Journal of Southern History 37 (Aug. 1971): 367-92.

Wade, Richard C. “The Vesey Plot: a Reconsideration.” Journal of Southern History 30 (May 1964): 143-61.

Wish, Harvey. “Slave Disloyalty Under the Confederacy.” Journal of Negro History 23 (Oct. 1938): 435-50.

Yanuck, Julius. “The Garner Fugitive Slave Case.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 40 (June 1953): 47-66.

Zilversmit, Arthur. “Quok Walker, Mumber, and the Abolition of Slavery in Massachusetts.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series 25 (Oct. 1968): 614-24.

Card 29

Huston, James L. “The Panic of 1857, Southern Economic Thought, and the Patriarchal Defense of Slavery.” The Historian 46 (Feb. 1984): 163-86.

Woodman, Harold D. “The Profitability of Slavery: a Historical Perennial.” Journal of Southern History 29 (Aug. 1963): 303-25.

Card 30

Brewer, Holly. “Beyond Education: Thomas Jefferson’s ‘Republican’ Revision of the Laws Regarding Children” (paper presented at a conference on “Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a Citizen” at the Library of Congress, 13-15 May 1993) (typescript).

Mayer, David N. “Citizenship and Change in Jefferson’s Constitutional Thought” (paper presented at a conference on “Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a Citizen” at the Library of Congress, 13-15 May 1993) (typescript).

Miscellaneous notes on slavery (two pieces).

Oakes, James. “Why Slaves Can’t Read: the Political Significance of Jefferson’s Racism” (paper presented at a conference on “Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a Citizen” at the Library of Congress, 13-15 May 1993) (typescript).

Rahe, Paul A. “Self-Reliance: Thomas Jefferson and the Inculcation of Modern Republican Virtue” (paper presented at a conference on “Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a Citizen” at the Library of Congress, 13-15 May 1993) (typescript).

Russell, Thomas D. “The Antebellum Courthouse as Creditors’ Domain: Trial-Court Activity in South Carolina and the Concomitance of Lending and Litigation.” American Journal of Legal History 40 (July 1996): 331-64.

Card 31

Andrews, Stephen P. “The Great American Crisis, Part Three.” Continental Monthly 5 (March 1864): 300-17.

Barlow, S.L.M. Miscellaneous correspondence (thirty-eight pieces).

Conkling, Alfred R. Excerpts from The Life and Letters of Roscoe Conkling, Orator, Statesman, Advocate. NY: Charles L. Webster & Company, 1889.

Donnelly, Ignatius. Speech on Reconstruction. Congressional Globe 38 (2 May 1864).

Election Returns by States, Counties, and Congressional Districts, 1864 Election. Tribune Almanac and Political Register (NY: The Tribune Association, 1865). (See also Card 1).

Ellis, George E. The Nation’s Ballot and Its Decision: a Discourse Delivered in Austin-Street Church, Cambridgeport, and in Harvard Church, Charlestown, on Sunday, Nov. 13, 1864; Being the Sunday following the Presidential Election. Boston: William V. Spencer, 1864. (pamphlet)

Fehrenbacher, Don E. “The Making of a Myth: Lincoln and the Vice-Presidential Nomination in 1864.” Civil War History 41.4 (1995): 273-90.

Harris, William C. “Conservative Unionists and the Presidential Election of 1864.” Civil War History 38.4 (1992): 298-318.

Jacobs, Wilbur R., and Edmond E. Masson. “History and Propaganda: Soviet Image of the American Past.” Mid-America 46 (April 1964): 75-91.

Long, David E. “‘I am aware that the subject creates prejudice…’: the Race issue in the 1864 Election.” Lincoln Herald 95 (Summer 1993): 51-7.

Long, David E. “‘I Say We Can Control That Election’: Confederate Policy Towards the 1864 U.S. Presidential Election.” Lincoln Herald 99 (Fall 1997): 111-27.

Long, David E. “Wartime Democracy: Lincoln and the Election of 1862.” Columbiad 1 (1997): 110-23.

Miscellaneous contemporary writings on Civil War (forty-one pieces).

“‘The Most Reliable Indication of Public Purpose’: the 1864 Elections” (typescript, n.d.).

Nelson, Lawrence. “Confederate Responses to the United States Presidential Election of 1864” (paper presented before the SHA, 1977) (typescript).

“The Old Colonialism” (typescript, 1989).

Reid, Brian Holden. “Historians and the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, 1861-65.” Civil War History 38.4 (1992): 19-41.

“A Soviet View of the American Past” (an annotated translation of the section on American History in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia). Chicago: Scott, Foresman, 1960. (pamphlet)

“The Three Speeches (review of speeches by Blair, Seward, and Phillips).” The Round Table 3 (28 Oct. 1865): 120.

Walker, R.J. Letter of the Hon. R.J. Walker in Favor of the Reelection of Abraham Lincoln. London, Sept. 30, 1864 (pamphlet).

Wade, Benjamin. “Facts for the People. Ben. Wade on McClellan. A Crushing Review of Little Napoleon’s Military Career.” Cincinnati Gazette, 25 Oct. 1864.

Whitman, Walt. Commentary on Civil War and excerpts from Leaves of Grass (one piece).

Yates, Richard. Gov. Yates’ Speech, Delivered at Bryan Hall, Chicago, Thursday Evening, November 4, 1864. War for the Union–Our National Crisis–The Duty of the Hour. Our Home Traitors–Illinois and the War–The Retributions of History. (pamphlet)

Card 32

Grimsley, Mark. “Hard War in the West: U.S. Military Conduct Toward Southern Civilians and Native Americans in Comparative Perspective” (paper presented before the OAH, 1996) (typescript).

Harring, Sidney L. “Crazy Snake and the Creek Struggle for Sovereignty: the Native American Legal Culture and American Law.” American Journal of Legal History 34 (1990): 365-80.

Miscellaneous notes on treaty rights and nullification (four pieces).

Quinn, William W. “Federal Acknowledgement of American Indian Tribes: the Historical Development of a Legal Concept.” American Journal of Legal History 34 (1990): 331-64.

Vaughan, Alden T. “From White Man to Redskin: Changing Anglo-American Perceptions of the American Indian.” American Historical Review 87 (Oct. 1982): 917-53.

Card 33

Brooke, John L. “Ancient Lodges and Self-Created Societies: Voluntary Association and the Public Sphere in the Early Republic” (paper presented before the conference “Launching the ‘Extended Republic’: The Federalists Era,” United States Capitol Historical Society, March 14-15, 1990) (typescript).

Card 34

Boyd, Steven R. “Politics and the Civil Service in the Early Republic (review of Cooke’s Tench Coxe and the Early Republic and Prince’s The Federalists and the Origins of the U.S. Civil Service).” Reviews in American History 7 (June 1979): 177-82.

Card 35

Sharp, Paul F. “Three Frontiers: Some Comparative Studies of Canadian, American, and Australian Settlement.” Pacific Historical Review 24 (Nov. 1955): 369-77.

Card 36

Ammon, Harry. “James Monroe and the Era of Good Feelings.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 66 (Oct. 1958): 387-98.

Brant, Irving. “James Madison and His Times.” American Historical Review 57 (July 1952): 853-70.

Fabel, Robin F.A. “The Laws of War in the 1812 Conflict.” Journal of American Studies 14.2 (1981): 199-218.

Hickey, Donald R. “American Trade Restrictions During the War of 1812.” Journal of American History 68 (Dec. 1981): 517-38.

Ketcham, Ralph. “James Madison and Executive Power in a Republic” (typescript, n.d.).

McGee, Gale W. “The Monroe Doctrine: a Stopgap Measure.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 38 (Sept. 1951): 233-50.

Miscellaneous notes on the War of 1812 (seven pieces).

Risjord, Norman K. “1812: Conservatives, War Hawks, and the Nation’s Honor.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series 18 (April 1961): 196-210.

Syndor, Charles S. “The One-Party Period of American History.” American Historical Review 51 (April 1946): 439-51.

Stacey, C.P. “The Myth of the Unguarded Frontier, 1815-1871.” American Historical Review 56 (Oct. 1950): 1-18.

Card 37

McGarvie, Mark D. “Creating Roles for Religion and Philanthropy in a Secular Nation: the Dartmouth College Case and the Design of Civil Society in the Early Republic.” Journal of College and University Law 25.3 (1999): 527-68.

Card 38

Howard, J. Woodford. “Constitutional Power to Enforce Individual Rights: the Legacy of McCulloch v. Maryland.” This Constitution 19 (special issue) (Fall 1991): 5-12.

Card 39

Broussard, James. “Redefining the Republican Constitution: the Debate Over Republican Nationalism, 1815-1820” (paper presented before the Colloquium on the Constitution, St. Thomas University, 1982) (typescript).

Buel, Richard. “‘Vigilance and Spontaneity in the Evolution of American Republicanism” (paper presented before the OAH, 1984) (typescript).

McCormick, Richard L. “Political Corruption in the Young Republic” (paper presented before the AHA, 1983) (typescript).

Card 40

Brown, Richard H. “The Missouri Crisis, Slavery, and the Politics of Jacksonianism.” South Atlantic Quarterly 65 (Winter 1966): 55-72.

Card 41

Broussard, James H. “Party and Partisanship in American Legislatures: the South Atlantic States, 1800-1812.” Journal of Southern History 43 (Feb. 1977): 39-58.

Brown, Thomas. “Southern Whigs and the Politics of Statesmanship, 1833-1841.” Journal of Southern History 46 (Aug. 1980): 361-80.

Chase, James Staton. “Jacksonian Democracy and the Rise of the Nominating Convention.” Mid-America 45 (Oct. 1963): 229-49.

Conser, Walter H. “John Ross and the Cherokee Resistance Campaign, 1833-1838.” Journal of Southern History 44 (May 1978): 191-212.

Ershkowitz, Herbert, and William G. Shade. “Consensus or Conflict? Political Behavior in the State Legislatures During the Jacksonian Era.” Journal of American History 58 (Dec. 1971): 591-21.

Formisano, Ronald P. “Toward a Reorientation of Jacksonian Politics: a Review of the Literature, 1959-1975.” Journal of American History 63 (June 1976): 42-65.

Freehling, William W. “Spoilsmen and Interests in the Thought and Career of John C. Calhoun.” Journal of American History 52 (June 1965): 25-42.

Gara, Larry. “The Presidency of Franklin Pierce” (typescript, n.d.).

Gatell, Frank Otto. “Money and Party in Jacksonian America: a Quantitative Look at New York City’s Men of Quality.” Political Science Quarterly 82 (June 1967): 235-52.

Gattell, Frank Otto. “Roger B. Taney, the Bank of Maryland Rioters, and a Whiff of Grapeshot.” Maryland Historical Magazine 59 (Sept. 1964): 262-67.

Gatell, Frank Otto. “Secretary Taney and the Baltimore Pets: a Study in Banking and Politics.” Business History Review 39 (Summer 1965): 205-27.

Gatell, Frank Otto. “Sober Second Thoughts on Van Buren, the Albany Regency, and the Wall Street Conspiracy.” Journal of American History 53 (June 1966): 19-40.

Gatell, Frank Otto. “Spoils of the Bank War: Political Bias in the Selection of Pet Banks.” American Historical Review 70 (Oct. 1964): 35-58.

Goldman, Perry M. “Political Virtue in the Age of Jackson.” Political Science Quarterly 87 (March 1972): 46-62.

Grimsted, David. “Rioting in Its Jacksonian Setting.” American Historical Review 77 (April 1972): 361-97.

Hammond, Bray. “Jackson, Biddle, and the Bank of the United States.” Journal of Economic History 7 (May 1947): 1-23.

Hay, Robert P. “The American Revolution Twice Recalled: Lafayette’s Visit and the Election of 1824.” Indiana Magazine of History 49 (March 1973): 43-62.

Latner, Richard B. “The Kitchen Cabinet and Andrew Jackson’s Advisory System.” Journal of American History 65 (Sept. 1978): 367-88.

Marshall, Lynn L. “The Strange Stillbirth of the Whig Party.” American Historical Review 72 (Jan. 1967): 445-68.

McCormick, Richard P. “New Perspectives on Jacksonian Politics.” American Historical Review 65 (Jan. 1960): 288-301.

Merk, Frederick. “A Safety Valve Thesis and Texan Annexation.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (Dec. 1962): 413-36.

Meyers, Marvin. “The Jacksonian Persuasion.” American Quarterly 5 (Spring 1953): 3-15.

Miscellaneous notes about Jacksonian Era (seventeen pieces).

Morris, Richard B. “Andrew Jackson, Strikebreaker.” American Historical Review 55 (Oct. 1949): 54-68.

Olin, Spencer C. “The Oneida Community and the Instability of Charismatic Authority.” Journal of American History 67 (Sept. 1980): 285-300.

Paper on Jeffersonian Democracy (typescript, n.d.).

Pessen, Edward. “The Egalitarian Myth and the American Social Reality: Wealth, Mobility, and Equality in the ‘Era of the Common Man’.” American Historical Review 76 (Oct. 1971): 989-1034.

Pessen, Edward. “Should Labor Have Supported Jackson? or Questions the Quantitative Studies Do Not Answer” (paper presented before the OAH, 1969) (typescript).

Pessen, Edward. “The Workingmen’s Movement in the Jacksonian Era.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 43 (Dec. 1956): 428-43.

Prucha, F.P. “Andrew Jackson’s Indian Policy: a Reassessment.” Journal of American History 56 (Dec. 1969): 527-39.

Rawley, James A. “Joseph John Gurney’s Mission to America, 1837-1840.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (March 1963): 653-74.

Scheiber, Harry N. “The Pet Banks in Jacksonian Politics and Finance, 1833-1841.” Journal of Economic History 23 (June 1963): 196-214.

Sellers, Charles Grier. “Andrew Jackson versus the Historians.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 44 (March 1958): 615-34.

Sellers, Charles Grier. “Jackson Men with Feet of Clay.” American Historical Review 62 (April 1957): 537-51.

Sellers, Charles Grier. “Who Were the Southern Whigs?” American Historical Review 59 (Jan. 1954): 335-46.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. “Some Aspects of Whig Thought and Theory in the Jacksonian Period.” American Historical Review 63 (Jan. 1958): 305-22.

Vevier, Charles. “American Continentalism: an Idea of Expansion, 1845-1910.” American Historical Review 65 (Jan. 1960): 323-35.

Walton, Brian G. “The Elections for the Thirtieth Congress and the Presidential Candidacy of Zachary Taylor.” Journal of Southern History 35 (May 1969): 186-202.

Card 42

Adams, John Quincy. The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse Delivered at the Request of the New York Historical Society, in the City of New York, on Tuesday, the 30th of April, 1839, Being the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington as President of the United States, on Thursday, the 30th of April, 1789. Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1839, by Joseph Blunt, for the New York Historical Society, in the District Court of the Southern District of New York (typescript).

Card 43

McFeely, William S. “Were These People Property? (review of Jones’ Mutiny on the Amistad)” New York Times Book Review, 18 Jan. 1987, p9.

Card 44

Lurie, Jonathan. “Andrew Jackson, Martial Law, Civilian Control of the Military, and American Politics: an Intriguing Amalgam.” Military Law Review 126 (Feb. 1989): 133-45.

Card 45

Raack, David W. “‘To Preserve the Best Fruits’: the Legal Thought of Chancellor James Kent.” American Journal of Legal History 33 (Oct. 1989): 320-66.

Card 46

Pessen, Edward. “Social Mobility in American History: Some Brief Reflections.” Journal of Southern History 45 (May 1979): 165-84.

Soltow, Lee. “Inequality Amidst Abundance: Land Ownership in Early Nineteenth Century Ohio.” Ohio History 88 (1979): 133-51.

Soltow, Lee. “Progress and Mobility Among Ohio Property Holders, 1810-1825.” Social Science History 7 (Fall 1983): 405-26.

Card 47

Note on the New York Constitutional Convention, 1849 (one piece).

Card 48

Notes on religion and sectionalism in the 1840s (three pieces).

Card 49

Latner, Richard B. “The Nullification Crisis and Republican Subversion.” Journal of Southern History 43 (Feb. 1977): 19-38.

Card 50

Pease, Jane H., and William H. Pease. “The Economics and Politics of Charleston’s Nullification Crisis.” Journal of Southern History 47 (Aug. 1981): 335-62.

Stewart, James Brewer. “‘A Great Talking and Eating Machine’: Patriarchy, Mobilization and the Dynamics of Nullification in South Carolina.” Civil War History 27.3 (1981): 197-220.

Wilson, Major L. “‘Liberty and Union’: an Analysis of Three Concepts Involved in the Nullification Controversy.” Journal of Southern History 33 (Aug. 1967): 331-55.

Yanuck, Julius. “The Force Act in Pennsylvania.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 92 (July 1968): 352-64.

Card 51

Adams, John Quincy. Letter to Albert Gallatin, 26 Dec. 1847.

Conron, Michael A. “Law, Politics, and Chief Justice Taney: a Reconsideration of the Luther v. Borden Decision.” American Journal of Legal History 11 (1967): 377-88.

Field, David Dudley. Letter to Samuel T. Lyman, 25 July 1848.

Gettleman, Marvin E. “Political Opposition and Radicalism in the Dorr Rebellion” (paper presented before the OAH, 1969) (typescript).

Magrath, C. Peter. “Optimistic Democrat: Thomas W. Dorr and the Case of Luther vs. Borden.” Rhode Island History 29 (Aug. and Nov. 1970): 94-112.

Rae, John Bell. “The Issues of the Dorr War.” Rhode Island History 1 (April 1942): 33-44.

Wiecek, William M. “‘A Peculiar Conservatism’ and the Dorr Rebellion: Constitutional Clash in Jacksonian America.” American Journal of Legal History 22 (July 1978): 237-53.

Card 52

Bader, William D., Henry J. Abraham, and James B. Staab. “The Jurisprudence of Levi Woodbury.” Vermont Law Review 18 (1994): 261-312.

Card 53

Mayer, J.P. Excerpts from his Alexis de Tocqueville: a biographical study in political science (NY: Harper & Brothers, 1960).

Roper, Donald M. “Martin Van Buren as Tocqueville’s Lawyer: the Jurisprudence of Politics.” Journal of the Early Republic 2 (Summer 1982): 169-89.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Excerpt from his Democracy in America.

Card 54

Burke, Joseph C. “The Cherokee Cases: a Study in Law, Politics, and Morality.” Stanford Law Review 21 (Fe. 1969): 500-31.

Miles, Edwin A. “After John Marshall’s Decision: Worcester v. Georgia and the Nullification Crisis.” Journal of Southern History 39 (Nov. 1973): 519-44.

Norgren, Jill. “Lawyers and the Legal Business of the Cherokee Republic in Courts of the United States, 1829-1835.” Law and History Review 10 (Fall 1992): 253-314.

Notes on the United States in 1850 (one piece).

Card 55

Gratiot, A.P. “A Famous Kentucky Case: Strader v. Graham.” Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association (1962): 3-14.

Card 56

Beaubien, Harriet Frazier. The Opinion of Roger B. Taney, Attorney General of the United States, on the Constitutionality of the Negro Seamen Acts: Commentary and Analysis (dissertation, University of Chicago, 1949) (typescript).

Card 57

Benjamin, Thomas. “Recent Historiography of the Origins of the Mexican War.” New Mexico Historical Review 54.3 (1979): 169-81.

Card 58

Edwards, Laura F. “‘The Marriage Covenant is at the Foundation of all Our Rights’: the Politics of Slave Marriages in North Carolina after Emancipation.” Law and History Review 14 (Spring 1996): 81-124.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. “Stanley Elkins and the Institutional Critique of Antebellum Society” (paper presented before the SHA, 1973) (typescript).

Card 59

Fede, Andrew. “Legitimized Violent Slave Abuse in the American South, 1619-1865: a Case Study of Law and Social Change in Six Southern States.” American Journal of Legal History 29 (April 1985): 93-150.

Finkelman, Paul. “The Kidnapping of John Davis and the Adoption of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793.” Journal of Southern History 56 (Aug. 1990): 397-422.

Flanagan, Daniel J. “Criminal Procedure in Slave Trials in the Antebellum South.” Journal of Southern History 60 (Oct. 1974): 537-64.

Hine, Darlene, and Kate Wittenstein. “Female Slave Resistance: the Economics of Sex” (typescript, n.d.).

Howe, Timothy O. Letter to Major J.M. Bundy, 26 Sept. 1870.

Howington, Arthur F. “‘According to Law’: the Trial and Punishment of Black Defendants in Antebellum Tennessee” (paper presented before the OAH, 1978) (typescript).

Sebok, Anthony J. “Judging the Fugitive Slave Acts.” Yale Law Journal 100 (Apr. 1991): 1835-54.

Slotkin, Richard. “Narratives of Negro Crime in New England, 1675-1800.” American Quarterly 25 (March 1973): 3-31.

Wade, Benjamin. Letter to the Hon. B. Stanton, 30 May 1859 (typescript).

“Wisconsin’s Nullification Era: Opposition to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850” (paper presented before the OAH, 1992) (typescript).

Card 60

Cohen-Lack, Nancy. “A Struggle for Sovereignty: National Consolidation, Emancipation, and Free Labor in Texas, 1865.” Journal of Southern History 58 (Feb. 1992): 57-98.

Fehrenbacher, Donald. “Race, Slavery, and the Origins of the Republic.” In his The Dred Scott Case (Oxford, 1978).

Fehrenbacher, Donald. “Slavery in the American Constitutional System.” In his The Dred Scott Case (Oxford, 1978).

Finkelman, Paul. “Slavery and the Constitutional Convention: Making a Covenant with Death.” In Stephen Botein, et al., ed., Beyond Confederation: Origins of the Constitution and American National Identity (U North Carolina, 1987).

Fogel, Robert W. The Quest for the Moral Problem of Slavery: an Historiographic Odyssey (33rd Annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture, Gettysburg College, 1994) (pamphlet).

Fogel, Robert W. “Without Consent or Contract: the Rise and Fall of American Slavery” (chapter draft for his book of the same title, 1988) (typescript).

Foner, Eric. “The Wilmot Proviso Revisited.” Journal of American History 56 (Sept. 1969): 262-79.

Frederick, David C. “John Quincy Adams, Slavery, and the Disappearance of the Right of Petition.” Law and History Review 9 (Spring 1991): 113-55.

Hodges, Graham Russell. “Richard B. Morris and Government and Labor in Early America (1946).” Reviews in American History 25 (June 1997): 360-68.

Ingersoll, Thomas N. “Slave Codes and Judicial Practice in New Orleans, 1718-1807.” Law and History Review 13 (Spring 1995): 23-62.

Legal notice from sheriff of Nottoway County, Virginia, 17 Nov. 1808 (photocopy).

Maltz, Earl M. “The Idea of the Proslavery Constitution.” Journal of the Early Republic 17 (Spring 1997): 37-59.

McCardell, John. Excerpt from his Idea of a Southern Nation (Norton, 1981).

Nadelhaft, Jerome. “The Somersett Case and Slavery: Myth, Reality, and Repercussions.” Journal of Negro History 51 (July 1966): 193-208.

Pratt, Julius W. “The Ideology of American Expansion.” Essays in Honor of William E. Dodd, Avery Craven, ed. (Chicago: U Chicago Press, 1935): 335-53.

Riddle, Albert G. Excerpt from speech in House of Representatives, 27 Jan. 1862 (one piece, typescript).

Russell, Thomas D. “Articles Sell Best Singly: the Disruption of Slave Families at Court Sales.” Utah Law Review 4 (1996): 1161-1209.

Russell, Thomas D. “A New Image of the Slave Auction: an Empirical Look at the Role of Law in Slave Sales and a Conceptual Reevaluation of Slave Property.” Cardozo Law Review 18 (1996): 473-523.

Schafer, Judith Kelleher. “‘Under the Present Mode of Trial, Improper Verdicts Are Very Often Given’: Criminal Procedure in the Trials of Slaves in Antebellum Louisiana.” Cardozo Law Review 18 (1996): 635-77.

Schwarz, Philip J. “Afro-American Slaves’ Adaptation to the Anglo-American Judiciary” (paper presented before the ASLH, 1980) (typescript).

Tushnet, Mark. “The American Law of Slavery, 1810-1860: a Study in the Persistence of Legal Autonomy.” Law and Society Review 10 (Fall 1975): 119-84.

Tushnet, Mark. “Approaches to the Study of the Law of Slavery.” Civil War History 25 (Dec. 1979): 329-38.

Tushnet, Mark. “Slave Law as Contract and Hierarchy (review of Morris’ Southern Slavery and the Law, 1619-1860).” Reviews in American History 24 (Dec. 1996): 590-95.

Watson, Alan. “Rights of Slaves and Other Owned-Animals.” Animal Law 3 (1997): 1-6.

Card 61

Prude, Jonathan. “To Look Upon the ‘Lower Sort’: Runaway Ads and the Appearance of Unfree Laborers in America, 1750-1800.” Journal of American History 78 (June 1991): 124-59.

Card 62

Brophy, Alfred L. “Humanity, Utility, and Logic in Southern Legal Thought: Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Vision in Dred: a Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp.” Boston University Law Review 78 (Oct. 1998): 1113-61.

Morris, Christopher. “The Articulation of Two Worlds: the Master-Slave Relationship Reconsidered.” Journal of American History 85 (Dec. 1998): 982-1007.

Card 63

Szasz, Thomas S. “The Sane Slave: Social Control and Legal Psychiatry.” American Criminal Law Review 10 (1972): 337-56.

Card 64

Ernst, Daniel R. “Legal Positivism, Abolitionist Litigation, and the New Jersey Slave Case of 1845.” Law and History Review 4 (Fall 1986): 337-65.

Finkelman, Paul. “Prelude to the Fourteenth Amendment: Black Legal Rights in the Antebellum North.” Rutgers Law Journal 17 (Spring/Summer 1986): 415-82.

Higginbotham, Don, and William S. Price. “Was It Murder for a White Man to Kill a Slave? Chief Justice Martin Howard Condemns the Peculiar Institution in North Carolina.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series (1979): 593-601.

Nash, A.E. Keir. “The Texas Supreme Court and Trial Rights of Blacks, 1845-1860.” Journal of American History 58 (Dec. 1971): 622-42.

Stealey, John Edmund. “The Responsibilities and Liabilities of the Bailee of Slave Labor in Virginia.” American Journal of Legal History 12 (Oct. 1968): 336-53.

Card 65

May, Robert E. “John A. Quitman and His Slaves: Reconciling Slave Resistance with the Proslavery Defense.” Journal of Southern History 46 (Nov. 1980): 551-70.

Card 66

“The African Slave Trade” (excerpts from unknown source, n.d.).

Bakken, Gordon Morris. “Judicial Review in the Rocky Mountain Territorial Courts.” American Journal of Legal History 15 (Jan. 1971): 56-65.

Bernstein, Barton J. “Southern Politics and Attempts to Reopen the African Slave Trade.” Journal of Negro History 51 (Jan. 1966): 16-35.

Gordan, John D. “The Trial of the Officers and Crew of the Schooner ‘Savannah’.” Supreme Court Historical Society Yearbook (1983): 31-45.

Gordan, John D. The Trial of the Officers and Crew of the Schooner Savannah, on the Charge of Piracy (n.d., missing title page).

Howard, Warren S. Appendices to his American Slavers and the Federal Law, 1837-1862 (U California, 1963). Includes “Vessels Arrested by American Officers for Violation of the Slave-Trade Acts, 1837-1862,” “Size of the African Slave Trade, 1857-1860,” and “The Department of the Interior and the Slave Trade.”

Lightner, David L. “The Interstate Slave Trade in Antislavery Politics.” Civil War History 36 (June 1990): 119-36.

Johnson, Andrew. Note on African Slave Trade, 1867 (one piece).

Meerse, David E. “Buchanan, the Patronage, and the Lecompton Constitution: a Case Study.” Civil War History 41 (Dec. 1995): 291-312.

“The Unconfident Americans of 1860-1” (typescript, n.d.).

United States v. Gordon (25 Fed. Cas., Case No. 15,231).

Card 67

Alexander, Thomas B. “Historical Treatments of the Dred Scott Case.” Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association (1953): 37-59.

“American Slavery and the Conflict of Laws.” Columbia Law Review 71 (Jan. 1971): 74-99.

Bogen, David Skillen. “The Maryland Context of Dred Scott: the Decline in the Legal Status of Maryland Free Blacks, 1776-1810.” American Journal of Legal History 34 (1990): 381-411.

Brophy, Alfred L. “Let Us Go Back and Stand Upon the Constitution: Federal-State Relations in Scott v. Sandford.” Columbia Law Review 90 (1990): 192-225.

Catron, John. Letter to Robert J. Walker, 26 Jan. 1863.

“Concurrence and Dissent” (chapter from unknown source).

Corwin, Edward S. “The Dred Scott Decision, in the Light of Contemporary Legal Doctrines.” American Historical Review 17 (Oct. 1911): 52-69.

Davis, Robert Ralph. “James Buchanan and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1858-1861.” Pennsylvania History 33 (Oct. 1966): 446-59.

Dean, Eric T. “Reassessing Dred Scott: the Possibilities of Federal Power in the Antebellum Context.” University of Cincinnati Law Review 60 (Winter 1992): 713-55.

Dred Scott v. Sandford (19 Howard 393).

Edwards, Isaac. “Chief Justice Taney. A Sketch and a Criticism.” Albany Law Journal (19 July 1873): 33-38.

Ehrlich, Walter. “The Origins of the Dred Scott Case.” Journal of Negro History 59 (April 1974): 132-42.

Ehrlich, Walter. “Was the Dred Scott Case Valid?” Journal of American History 55 (1968): 256-65.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. To Be Worthy of God’s Favor: Southern Women’s Defense and Critique of Slavery (32nd annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture) (Gettysburg College, 1993) (pamphlet).

Gara, Larry. “The Fugitive Slave Law: a Double Paradox.” Civil War History 10 (Sept. 1964): 229-40.

Graber, Mark A. “Desperately Ducking Slavery: Dred Scott and Contemporary Constitutional Theory.” Constitutional Commentary 14 (1997): 271-318.

Hall, Kermit L. “Race and the Nineteenth-Century Law of Personal Status.” In his The Magic Mirror: Law in American History (Oxford, 1989): 129-42.

Keller, Morton. “Powers and Rights: Two Centuries of American Constitutionalism.” Journal of American History 74 (Dec. 1987): 675-94.

Levy, Leonard W., and Harland B. Phillips. “The Roberts Case: Source of the “Separate but Equal” Doctrine.” American Historical Review 56 (April 1951): 510-18.

Maltz, Earl M. “Slavery, Federalism, and the Structure of the Constitution.” American Journal of Legal History 36 (1992): 466-98.

McClure, James P., Leigh Johnsen, Kathleen Norman, and Michael Vanderlan, ed. “Circumventing the Dred Scott Decision: Edward Bates, Salmon P. Chase, and the Citizenship of African Americans.” Civil War History 43 (Dec. 1997): 279-309.

McPherson, Edward. Letter to Francis Lieber, 13 April 1871 (typescript).

Mendelson, Wallace. “Dred Scott’s Case–Reconsidered.” Minnesota Law Review 38 (1953): 16-28.

Miscellaneous notes on slavery 1857-59 (thirteen pieces).

Roper, Donald M. “In Quest of Judicial Objectivity: the Marshall Court and the Legitimation of Slavery.” Stanford Law Review 21 (Feb. 1969): 532-39.

Russell, Robert R. “Constitutional Doctrines with Regard to Slavery in Territories.” Journal of Southern History 32 (Nov. 1966): 466-86.

Sunstein, Cass R. Constitutional Myth-Making: Lessons from the Dred Scott Case (Occasional Papers from the Law School, the University of Chicago, Number 37) (U Chicago, 1996) (pamphlet).

Vishneski, John S. “What the Court Decided in Dred Scott v. Sandford.” American Journal of Legal History 32 (Oct. 1988): 373-90 (also includes typescript).

White, G. Edward. “Roger Taney and the Limits of Judicial Power.” In his The American Judicial Tradition (Oxford, 1988): 64-83.

Wiecek, William M. “Slavery and Abolition Before the United States Supreme Court, 1820-1860.” Journal of American History 65 (June 1978): 34-59.

Card 68

Foner, Eric. “The Causes of the American Civil War: Recent Interpretations and New Directions.” Civil War History 20 (Sept. 1974): 197-214.

Gienapp, William E. “The Crime Against Sumner: the Caning of Charles Sumner and the Rise of the Republican Party.” Civil War History 25 (Sept. 1979): 218-45.

Hamilton, Holman. “Democratic Senate Leadership and the Compromise of 1850.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 41 (Dec. 1954): 403-18.

Handlin, Oscar. “The Civil War as Symbol and as Actuality.” Massachusetts Review 3 (Fall 1961): 133-43.

Hoogenboom, Ari. “What Really Caused the Civil War?” Wisconsin Magazine of History (Autumn 1960): 3-4.

Nichols, Roy F. “The Kansas-Nebraska Act: a Century of Historiography.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 43 (Sept. 1956): 187-212.

Wilson, Major L. “Of Time and the Union: Webster and His Critics in the Crisis of 1850.” Civil War History 14 (Dec. 1968): 293-306.

Card 69

Bakken, Gordon M. “Law and Legal Tender in California and the West.” Southern California Quarterly 62 (Fall 1980): 239-59.

Card 70

Finkelman, Paul. “States’ Rights North and South in Antebellum America.” In Kermit L. Hall and James W. Ely, ed., An Uncertain Tradition (U Georgia, 1989): 125-58.

Card 71

Anderson, Frank Maloy. “Has the Mystery of ‘A Public Man’ Been Solved? A Rejoinder.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 42 (June 1955): 101-09.

Bruce, Robert B. The Shadow of the Coming War (28th Annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture). Gettysburg College, 1989 (pamphlet).

Cox, Samuel S. Excerpts from his Three Decades of Federal Legislation, 1855 to 1885 (J.A. and R.A. Reid, 1885)

Fehrenbacher, Don E. “Roger B. Taney and the Sectional Crisis.” Journal of Southern History 43 (Nov. 1977): 555-66.

Greenberg, Kenneth S. Representation and the Isolation of South Carolina, 1776-1860.” Journal of American History 64 (Dec. 1977): 723-43.

Hitchcock, William S. “Southern Moderates and Secession: Senator Robert M.T. Hunter’s Call for Union.” Journal of American History 59 (March 1973): 871-84.

Lee, R. Alton. “The Corwin Amendment in the Secession Crisis.” Ohio Historical Quarterly 70 (Jan. 1961): 1-26.

Meerse, David E. “Origins of the Douglas-Buchanan Feud Reconsidered.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 67 (April 1974): 154-74.

Miscellaneous notes on secession crisis (eight pieces).

Smiley, David L. “Revolutionary Origins of the South’s Constitutional Defenses.” North Carolina Historical Review 44 (Summer 1967): 256-69.

Smith, E.B. “Thomas Hart Benton: the First Civil War Revisionist.” Midwest Quarterly 6 (Autumn 1964): 45-56.

Wright, D.G. “English Opinion on Secession: a Note.” American Studies 5 (Aug. 1971): 151-54.

Card 72

The Effect of Secession Upon the Commercial Relations Between the North and South, and Upon Each Section (London: Henry Stevens, 1861) (collection of reprint articles from the New York Times, bound as a pamphlet).

Card 73

Elazar, Daniel J., ed. The Constitution, the Union, and the Liberties of the People: Abraham Lincoln’s Political Teaching as Articulated by Him on His Tour from Springfield to Washington in February 1861 (typescript, n.d.).

Card 74

Douglas, Stephen A. Letter, 25 Dec. 1860.

Greenberg, Kenneth S. “The Nose, the Life, and the Duel in the Antebellum South.” American Historical Review 95 (Feb. 1990): 57-74.

Hubbell, John T. “Politics as Usual: the Northern Democracy and Party Survival, 1860-1861.” Illinois Quarterly 36 (Sept. 1973): 22-35.

McWhiney, Grady. “The Confederacy’s First Shot.” Civil War History 14 (March 1968): 5-14.

Miscellaneous notes on beginning of Civil War (four pieces).

Mitchell, Memory F. Legal Aspects of Conscription and Exemption in North Carolina, 1861-1865 (The James Sprunt Studies in History and Political Science, Volume 47) (Chapel Hill: U North Carolina, 1965) (pamphlet).

Robbins, John B. “The Confederacy and the Writ of Habeas Corpus.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 55 (Spring 1971): 83-101.

Shaw, William L. “The Confederate Conscription and Exemption Acts.” American Journal of Legal History 6 (Oct. 1962): 368-405.

Sumner, Charles. Excerpt from letter to John Andrew, 26 Jan. 1861.

Wilson, Charles Reagan. “The Religion of the Lost Cause: Ritual and Organization of the Southern Civil Religion, 1865-1920.” Journal of Southern History 46 (May 1980): 219-38.

Woodward, C. Vann. “The Southern Ethic in a Puritan World.” William and Mary Quarterly, third series 24 (1968): 343-70.

Card 75

Miscellaneous note on Confederacy (eight pieces)

Card 76

An Act to Define and Punish Conspiracy against the Confederate States (CSA Laws, Dec. 1864).

Barr, Alwyn, ed. “Records of the Confederate Military Commission in San Antonio, July 2-October 10, 1862.” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70 (July 1966): 93-109; (Oct. 1966): 289-313; (April 1967): 623-44; (Oct. 1967): 247-77; (July 1969): 83-104; (Oct. 1969): 243-74.

Brooks, R.P. “Conscription in the Confederate States of America, 1862-1865.” Military Historian and Economist 1 (Oct. 1916): 419-42.

Dirck, Brian. “‘Administered in Much Discretion’: William Pinckney Hill and the Confederate Grand Jury in Galveston, Texas, 1861-1862.” Houston Review 13 (1991): 21-34.

Hall, Kermit L. “Hacks and Derelicts Revisited: American Territorial Judiciary, 1789-1959.” Western Historical Quarterly (July 1981): 273-89.

Hall, Kermit L. “Mere Party and the Magic Mirror: California’s First Lower Federal Judicial Appointments.” Hastings Law Journal 32 (March 1981): 819-37.

Miscellaneous notes on Civil War period (five pieces).

Reid, Richard. “Civil Liberties in the Confederacy: the Case of North Carolina.” Canadian Journal of History 14 (1979): 173-97.

Scarboro, David D. “North Carolina and the Confederacy: The Weakness of States’ Rights during the Civil War.” North Carolina Historical Review 56 (April 1979): 133-49.

Stanton, Edwin M. Correspondence, 1858-59 (nine pieces).

Winder, John H. Report of Brigadier General John H. Winder to the Secretary of War, Confederate States of America (16 Feb. 1863) (report on number of civilians in custody in Richmond, Virginia).

Card 77

Finkelman, Paul. “The Nationalization of Slavery: a Counter-Factual Approach to the 1860s.” Louisiana Studies 14 (Fall 1975): 213-40.

Card 78

Conant, Michael. “The Commerce Clause, the Supremacy Clause and the Law Merchant: Swift v. Tyson and the Unity of Commercial Law.” Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 15 (April 1984): 153-78.

Guzinski, Joseph A. “Federalism and Federal Questions: Protecting Civil Rights Under the Regime of Swift v. Tyson.” Virginia Law Review 70 (March 1984): 267-96.

Card 79

Note on labor-management strife, 1847 (one piece).

Card 80

Miscellaneous correspondence from U.S. government officials, 1858-1865 (thirty-nine pieces).

Card 81

Miscellaneous correspondence from U.S. government officials on the Wheeling Bridge case (seventeen pieces).

Monroe, Elizabeth B. “Spanning the Commerce Clause: the Wheeling Bridge Case, 1850-1856.” American Journal of Legal History 32 (July 1988): 265-92.

Card 82

Orth, John V. “Taking from A and Giving to B: Substantive Due Process and the Case of the Shifting Paradigm.” Constitutional Commentary 14 (1997): 337-45.

Card 83

Miscellaneous notes on the Sickles case (five pieces).

Card 84

Jaffa, Harry V. “Expediency and Morality in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.” Anchor Review 2 (Doubleday Anchor Books, 1957): 179-204.

Jaffa, Harry V. “The ‘Natural Limits’ of Slavery Expansion.” In his Crisis of the House Divided: an interpretation of the issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates (Doubleday, 1959): 387-99.

Johannsen, Robert W. “Stephen A. Douglas and the South.” Journal of Southern History 33 (Feb. 1967): 26-50.

Krug, Mark M. “Lyman Trumbull and the Real Issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 57 (Winter 1964): 380-96.

Card 85

Alexander, Thomas B. “Persistent Whiggery in the Confederate South, 1860-1877.” Journal of Southern History 27 (Aug. 1961): 305-29.

Beale, Howard K. “What Historians Have Said About the Causes of the Civil War.” Theory and Practice in Historical Study (Social Science Research Council Bulletin No. 54, 1946): 55-102.

Degler, Carl N. “The South in Southern History Textbooks.” Journal of Southern History 30 (Feb. 1964): 48-57.

Geyl, Pieter. “The American Civil War and the Problem of Inevitability.” New England Quarterly 24 (June 1951): 147-68.

Greenwalt, Bruce S., ed. “Unionists in Rockbridge County: the Correspondence of James Dorman Davidson Concerning the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 73 (Jan. 1965): 78-102.

Hamilton, J.G. de Roulhac. “Lincoln’s Election an Immediate Menace to Slavery in the States.” American Historical Review 37 (July 1932): 700-11.

Lipset, Seymour M. “The Emergence of the One-Party South: the Election of 1860.” In his Political Man (Doubleday, 1960): 344-54.

Owsley, Frank L. “The Fundamental Cause of the Civil War: Egocentric Sectionalism.” Journal of Southern History 7 (Feb. 1941): 3-18.

Owsley, Frank L. “The Pattern of Migration and Settlement on the Southern Frontier.” Journal of Southern History 11 (May 1945): 147-76.

Owsley, Frank L., and Harriet C. Owsley. “The Economic Basis of Society in the Late Ante-Bellum South.” Journal of Southern History 6 (Feb. 1940): 24-45.

Phillips, Ulrich B. “The Central Theme of Southern History.” American Historical Review 34 (Oct. 1928): 30-43.

Ramsdell, Charles W. “The Natural Limits of Slavery Expansion.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 16 (Sept. 1929): 151-71.

Silver, James W. “Mississippi: the Closed Society.” Journal of Southern History 30 (Feb. 1964): 3-34.

Woodward, C. Vann. “The Irony of Southern History.” Journal of Southern History 19 (Feb. 1953): 3-19.

Card 86

Finkelman, Paul. Outline for book on Prigg v. Pennsylvania (typescript, n.d.).



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Updated 11/2/2012