Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps

What is NROTC?

The Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps is a long-standing program through which the Navy and Marine Corps can commission officers in addition to the Naval Academy’s graduates. Midshipmen in the program complete basic physical, mental, and professional training to prepare them for their future careers.

Mission

To develop future officers morally, mentally, and physically and to imbue them with the highest ideals of duty and loyalty, and with the core values of Honor, Courage, and Commitment in order to commission college graduates as naval officers who possess a basic professional background, are motivated toward careers in the naval service, and have a potential for future development in mind and character so as to assume the highest responsibilities of command, citizenship, and government.

History

The Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) program was established by an act of Congress on March 4, 1925. To that time, virtually all of the Navy’s officers had been commissioned through the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

World War II greatly increased the Navy’s requirement for officers, which even the growing NROTC program could not meet. A wartime program called V-12 was established on college campuses, paralleling the NROTC program to expand the supply of college-educated officers. Many V-12 students, at the end of WWII, transferred into the existing NROTC program.

In August 1946, President Truman authorized the peacetime continuation of NROTC by signing the Holloway Plan. Designed to commission regular officers to supplement those graduating from the Naval Academy, the program now included the option to receive Marine Corps commissions and incorporated Marine Corps instructors at NROTC units.

A Navy Captain or Marine Corps Colonel, assisted by a staff of instructors and administrative personnel, commands the typical NROTC unit today.

Program Types

Full Scholarship: These midshipmen have been awarded national Chief of Naval Education and Training (CNET) scholarships to pay for the full cost of their education, books, uniforms, and monthly stipends. They may either have applied for the scholarship prior to entering college, or joined NROTC as part of the “College Program” (see below) and then applied to be “on scholarship.”

College Program: These midshipmen are not currently receiving scholarships but are actively pursuing them. They receive naval science classes and uniforms.

MECEP: The Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program allows outstanding enlisted Marines an opportunity, once selected for the program, to pursue a baccalaureate degree and receive a commission as a Second Lieutenant. MECEP students remain on active duty and participate in NROTC unit activities with the rest of the scholarship and college program midshipmen.

 

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