Overview of Export Controls

Federal export controls are accomplished primarily through the Export Administration Regulations (EAR, implemented by the Department of Commerce for items that have both a commercial and potential military use) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR, implemented by the Department of State for military items and defense services). The Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions to protect foreign policy and national security goals.

The export control regulations most frequently encountered by the university research community are the following:

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

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