The author should specify a category designation for the manuscript (full length article, review article, short communication, etc.). It is very important that the author(s) categorize the type of article.
Submission of manuscripts Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Upon acceptance of the article by the journal, the author(s) will be asked to sign a "Journal Publishing Agreement". Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information
The abstract should be clear, descriptive and not longer than 400 words.
We accept most word processing formats, but formats compatible with MS-Word, are preferred. Authors should always keep a backup copy of the electronic file for reference and safety. Save your files using the default extension of the program used.
Line spacing should be double-spaced form with wide margins and numbered lines.
Please write your text in good English. Italics are not to be used for expressions of Latin origin, for example, in vivo, et al., per se. Use decimal points (not commas); use a space for thousands (10 000 and above).
Authors should take notice of the limitations set by the size and layout of the journal. Large tables should be avoided. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables.
Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include reference to all tables.
Each table should be typewritten on a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should never be included in the text.
Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.
Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns; leave some extra space between the columns instead.
Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.
All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the manuscript text. The author should carefully check the list for accuracy and correspondence with the text.
The references list should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names, and chronologically per author. If an author's name in the list is also mentioned with co-authors, then the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged according to publication dates; publications of the same author with one co-author; publications of the author with more than one co-author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2010a, 2010b, etc.
In the text refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication, followed, if direct quote, by reference to appropriate pages. Examples: "Since Smith (2004) has shown that...". "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Jones, 2001, pp. 12-16)".
In referring to a personal communication, give source, pers. comm., and year, e.g., "(S.H. Shakirhanna, pers. comm., 2008)".
If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al." This indication, however, should never be used in the list of references. In this list, names of all authors should be given.
References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically.
Use the International List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviations.
In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. However, the titles of publications in non-Latin alphabets should be transliterated, and a notation such as "(in Russian)" or "(in Greek, with English abstract)" should be added.
You can use the endnote software as a tool to do the citation of the references.
Use the following examples for your references:
Zhou, S.R. Liu, Y.F. and Wang, G. 2005. The stability of predator–prey systems subject to the Allee effects. Theor. Popul. Biol. 67: 23–31.
de Roos, A.M. and Persson, L., 2002. Size-dependent life-history traits promote catastrophic collapses of top predators. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 12: 907–912.
Sell, M.G. 1977. Modeling the response of mangrove ecosystems to herbicide spraying, hurricanes, nutrient enrichment, and economic development. PhD dissertation, Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 389 pp.
Odum, H.T. 1983. Systems Ecology: An Introduction. Wiley, New York, 644 pp.
Grant, W.E. Pedersen, E.K. and Marin, S.L., 1997. Ecology and Natural Resource Management: Systems Analysis and Simulation. Wiley, New York, NY, 373 pp.
For edited books
Muller, F. Leupelt. M. (eds.), 1998. Eco Targets, Goal Functions, and Orientors. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 619 pp.
Wojcik, W. and Wojcik, M. 2000. Lead and zinc retention in the Biala River Wetland of Poland. In: Odum, H.T. (Ed.), Heavy Metals in the Environment. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 97–114 (326 pp.).
Patten, B.C.; Bosserman, R.W. ; Finn, J.T. and Cale, W.G. 1976. Propagation of cause in ecosystems. In: Patten, B.C. (ed.), Systems Analysis and Simulation in Ecology, vol. IV. Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, pp. 457-579.
Beck, M.B. 1981. Identifying Models of Environmental Systems' Behaviour. IIASA Working Paper WP-81-158, Laxenburg, Austria.
Preparation of electronic illustrations Submitting your artwork in an electronic format helps us to produce your work to the best possible standards, ensuring accuracy, clarity and a high level of detail.
Always supply high-quality printouts of your artwork, in case conversion of the electronic artwork is problematic.
Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.
Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Times and Symbol.
Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files, and supply a separate listing of the files and the software used.
Provide all illustrations as separate files and as hardcopy printouts on separate sheets.
Provide captions to illustrations separately.
Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
Submit color illustrations as original photographs, high-quality computer prints or transparencies, close to the size expected in publication, or as 35 mm slides. Polaroid color prints are not suitable. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from the IJESE journal after receipt of your accepted article.
Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'grey scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white prints corresponding to all the color illustrations.
Formula should be typewritten, if possible. Leave ample space around the formula.
Subscripts and superscripts should be clear.
Greek letters and other non-Latin or handwritten symbols should be explained in the margin where they are first used. Take special care to show clearly the difference between zero (0) and the O, and between one (1) and the l.
Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used.
For simple fractions, use the solidus (/)instead of a horizontal line, e.g.,Ip/m2 rather than Ip m-2
Equations should be numbered serially at the right-hand side in parentheses. In general only equations explicitly referred to in the text need be numbered.
The use of fractional powers instead of root signs is recommended. Also, powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.
Levels of statistical significance which can be mentioned without further explanation are P<0.05, P<0.01 and P<0.001.
In chemical formula, the valence of ions should be given as, e.g. Ca+2 and CO-2 Isotope numbers should precede the symbols, e.g.O13.
The repeated writing of chemical formulae in the text is to be avoided where reasonably possible; instead, the name of the compound should be given in full. Exceptions may be made in the case of a very long name occurring very frequently or in the case of a compound being described as the end product of a gravimetric determination (e.g., phosphate as P2O5).
Footnotes should only be used if essential. In most cases it will be possible to incorporate the information in normal text. If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers, and kept as short as possible.
Authors and editors are, by general agreement, obliged to accept the rules governing biological nomenclatures laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. All biotica (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals. All biocides and other organic compounds must be identified by their Geneva names when first used in the text. For chemical nomenclature, the conventions of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed.
Provide all illustrations as high-quality printouts, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Number illustrations consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. Clearly mark all illustrations on the back (or - in case of line drawings - on the lower front side) with the figure number and the author's name and, in cases of ambiguity, the correct orientation. Mark the appropriate position of a figure in the article.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions on a separate sheet, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
International Journal of Environmental Science and Environmental Engineering (IJESE) accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in web products, In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please ensure that data is provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file.